The English Premier League No Longer Has a Dominant Team

m88 arsenal itself has had an American majority shareholder since 2011.

Liverpool dominated the domestic scene from 1975 to 1990. Since then, they have won a further 12 titles. Instead, a number of teams that are equal seem to be set to challenge for honors going forward. It used to be very hard to beat them at Old Trafford but that seems to have changed. However, the club has lately experienced resurgence and is a genuine title contender.. Liverpool ruled the 70s and the 80s, while Manchester United has ruled from the 90s until now. In 1998, the club won the famous treble- the PL, FA, and UEFA Champions League. Sheikh Mansour bought Manchester City, and Russian billionaire Roman Abramovich bought Chelsea. As things are, the club is in real danger of missing a chance of 2014/15 UEFA Champions League. The club has won 18 first division titles, and most came from this era. The year 2008 saw them win UEFA champions league against Chelsea.

Since the 1970s, two teams have dominated the English top tier soccer competition. The club has won an amazing 13 titles since then. Manchester United won the first title. Right now, the English Premier League seems to have entered a period where there is no dominant side. During the Ferguson years, the side also won five FA cups. Chelsea, Arsenal, Manchester City, and Liverpool are all in a position to be crowned champions. Four teams have won it among themselves the eight times that Manchester United did not win. Manchester United and Tottenham are farther back, with the only realistic hope being Europa League places.

When Alex Ferguson arrived at Man United from Aberdeen in 1986, his expressed desire was to knock Liverpool off the top of English soccer. The top teams seem to have equal strength, unlike Germany where Bayern Munich reigns or Spain where Real Madrid and Barcelona rule alternately.

A coach who has a strong personality and shrewdness is also vital to the success of a club. Since 1990, the outfit has never won the domestic title; but in 2005, they won the UEFA champions league fifth time by beating AC Milan against the odds. He spent a few years revamping United, and in 1991 won the UEFA cup winners cup and the UEFA super cup. Alex Ferguson was both shrewd and an inspirational manager; so is Jose Mourinho.

Conclusion

The English Premier League appears to have entered an era where no outstanding club reigns. Manchester United and Liverpool have also come under American owners in the last few years. Buying of players is one of the main reasons the balance of English club power is changing. A side like Manchester City has assembled some of the best players in the world, owing to the purchasing power at their disposal. Kenny Dalglish was the star of the 80s. The other competitors have been in the shadow of United in this era. Chelsea and Arsenal have won thrice, and Manchester City and Blackburn Rovers once each.

The last few years have seen wealthy individuals and groups buy English clubs, which has enabled them to buy world-class foreign players. No doubt, manager Moyes is trying to rebuild the outfit.

Having a galaxy of players may not always guarantee victory, but many times, it may do. During this period, they also won four European club honors, besides other honors. No doubt, other teams have occasionally grabbed the honors in between. The year 1992 saw them win the inaugural Premier League title.

The Era of Liverpool

Equal Contenders

As things stand now, there is no dominant club in the English League; rather a number of teams stand equal chance of taking the title. Manchester united has taken a dip in form that the league has not known for years. The team has had superstars in that period: notably, Eric Cantona, Ruud Van Nistelrooy, Cristiano Ronaldo, Wayne Rooney, and Robin Van Persie.

The Era of Manchester United

The year 1992 saw the top teams break away from the football league to form the Premier league, which gave them more TV rights. Time will prove whether a certain team emerges as the alpha male.

Alex Ferguson retired in 2013 after taking his 13th PL title; and former Everton manager David Moyes took over. This term, they have lost even to West Bromwich Albion at home. The club was then a European soccer superpower

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Lionel Messi scores his first goal of 2013

m88 the thrashing began with Xavi’s opening goal after just 10 minutes. The excitement was all in Barcelona’s favor as the Catalan giants dominated the game with an emphatic 4-0 victory over the neighbor at Camp Nou. Pedro soon netted a double before Lionel Messi converted a penalty after Cesc Fabregas was brought down in the area. Their star, Argentina forward Leo Messi has finished 2012 with an astonishing 91 goals in all competitions and is now poised to become the first player to win four successive FIFA Ballon d’Or awards, sealing his status as the greatest player of his generation. This success brings Barcelona 17th win of the season and moves the club 12 points clear at the top of the table.

The Argentine, who is the top scorer in La Liga this season with 25 goals, has also broken German great Gerd Mueller’s 40-year record for the most goals in a calendar year.

» Lionel Messi wins prestigious Ballon d’Or award for 4th year in a row

Lionel Messi January 2013

Lionel Messi of FC Barcelona celebrates after scoring his team’s fourth goal during the La Liga match between FC Barcelona and RCD Espanyol at Camp Nou on January 6, 2013 in Barcelona, Spain.

Messi 2013

Lionel Messi is the overwhelming favourite to see off the challenge of Barcelona teammate Andres Iniesta and great Real Madrid rival Cristiano Ronaldo for FIFA Ballon d’Or award in Kongresshaus, Zurich on on January 7, 2013.

A fourth straight title would lift the Camp Nou star above FIFA World Player of the Year three-time winners Zinedine Zidane and Ronaldo of Brazil.

» Lionel Messi & Antonella Roccuzzo: Star striker rushes to his girlfriend’s bedside for the arrival of his son Thiago

Lionel Messi 2013

Lionel Messi Barcelona 2013

Lionel Messi scored his first goal of 2013 as FC Barcelona played host to their crosstown rivals Espanyol in a thrilling derby match in the Spanish league on Sunday. It will crown another landmark year for the 25-year-old footballer if he can win over club teammate Andres Iniesta and rival Cristiano Ronaldo of Real Madrid.

» Lionel Messi 2013: Barcelona star answers critics with winners against AC Milan (Photos)

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CSKA Moscow punished for racist, violent fans

m88 25 at Arena Khimki. The Associated Press contributed to this report.

The punishments are for incidents during CSKA’s 5-1 loss at Roma last month. 21 and Roma on Nov. The stadium closure for that offense was applied when Bayern visited on Tuesday.

CSKA was ordered to play its next three UEFA competition matches in an empty stadium by UEFA’s disciplinary panel on Friday.

Then, visiting captain Yaya Toure, who is black, directed the match referee to home fans making monkey noises.

The Russian champion hosts Manchester City on Oct. All Rights Reserved. Fans displayed far-right banners and fought police in the Olympic Stadium.

UEFA also fined CSKA 200,000 euros ($252,000), including additional offenses for fans lighting flares and throwing missiles.

NYON, Switzerland — UEFA has banned CSKA Moscow fans from attending any Champions League group matches this season because of racist and violent incidents.. The third closure will apply at a future match.

According to the Guardian, Manchester City manager Manuel Pellegrini said playing in an empty stadium is “not good for anyone.”

“I understand a local team have a little [problem] with their fans but all the people deserve to go to the stadium,” Pellegrini said, according to the Guardian.

CSKA lost 1-0 to Bayern in an empty stadium this week because of “racist behavior” incidents last season.

The club can appeal.

CSKA and senior Russian football officials later denied the abuse happened.

© 2014 CBS Interactive Inc. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

CSKA has been charged with racist behavior by its fans at three Champions League matches in less than a year, including a home game against Man City last season.

UEFA has imposed an escalating series of sanctions against CSKA after giving itself tougher sanctioning powers last year.

UEFA also barred CSKA from selling tickets to its fans for away matches at Man City and Bayern Munich.

“The fight against racist conduct has been stepped up a level – resulting in stricter penalties to deter any such behavior,” UEFA said in a statement.

UEFA then charged CSKA in December for fans displaying far-right symbols at a match at Viktoria Plzen

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Messi vs Cristiano Ronaldo 2013: Another memorable showdown

m88 the 27-year-old forward said the absences of Iker Casillas, Pepe, Sergio Ramos, Angel di Maria and Fabio Coentrao will serve as an excuse. His record with the Spanish team is very impressive: 179 goals in 176 games. We’ll play against one of the toughest teams in the world, so it will be a great night,” he told Real Madrid TV.

Cristiano Ronaldo trained prior to start the La Liga match between Valencia CF and Real Madrid CF at Estadio Mestalla on January 20, 2013 in Valencia, Spain.

» Cristiano Ronaldo adds another piece of silverware to his collection

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Cristiano Ronaldo Real Madrid 2013

Cristiano Ronaldo Real Madrid

The soccer star looked on during the Copa del Rey Quarter Final, 1st leg match between Real Madrid CF and Valencia CF at Estadio Santiago Bernabeu on January 15, 2013 in Madrid, Spain.. With this result, the Argentine soccer sensation has become the youngest player ever to pass the 200-mark in La Liga, the Spanish league and set a league record with goals in 11 consecutive games. Cristiano Ronaldo trailed not far behind as the 28-year-old star has sparked a recent resurgence in Madrid with 10 goals and two hat tricks this month.

Cristiano Ronaldo and his model girlfriend Irina Shayk posed during the red carpet arrivals of the FIFA Ballon d’Or Gala 2013 at Congress House on January 7, 2013 in Zurich, Switzerland.

» Unique Hairstyles of Cristiano Ronaldo

Cristiano Ronaldo 2013

Cristiano Ronaldo 2013

Cristiano Ronaldo girlfriend 2013

Cristiano Ronaldo and Lionel Messi were in insatiable form ahead of their sides’ upcoming Copa del Rey semi-final first leg at the Santiago Bernabeu on Wednesday, January 30, 2013. At the time of Barcelona hosting Real Madrid – dubbed “el clasico,” the most high-profile rivalry in La Liga, both players are primed for another memorable showdown.

» Cristiano Ronaldo and Sexy Girlfriends

Cristiano Ronaldo 2013

Cristiano Ronaldo declared that the Catalan giants is a fantastic team and that Real Madrid will miss “key players” for the Copa del Rey semifinal game against Barcelona. Ronaldo praised their upcoming rival, “It’s an important game, a difficult game. The Portuguese man scored his 20th career hat-trick to help Real Madrid rout Getafe 4-0 while Lionel Messi outdid him by netting four times in Barcelona’s 5-1 thrashing of Osasuna on Sunday night

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Tottenham Hotspur Announces Fun88 as Club’s Asian Betting and Gaming Partner

We believe that our knowledge of developing ทางเข้า fun88,

interactive and engaging gaming platforms will provide Tottenham

Hotspur’s international fan base with an exciting, new gaming

experience.”

The two year agreement, which begins immediately, will see the two

organisations work together to engage with Asian sports fans through a

range of online and offline activities which will include launching a

co-branded gaming microsite.

Links:

Since the launch of Fun88 in 2008, it has successfully merged

entertainment with an unsurpassed gaming experience into a portal that

is both instantly recognisable and the choice of many Asian based

players. With its unique blend of sportsbook, casino and live dealer

products and with more innovative gaming platforms under development

such as peer to peer gaming and poker networks, Fun88 promises to

deliver the ultimate gaming experience for users each and every time.

Nick Lee, founder of www.Fun88.com

commented: “I am proud to announce Fun88′s partnership with Tottenham

Hotspur, as the Club’s Asian betting and gaming partner. This

partnership brings together one of Asia’s top online gaming companies

and Tottenham Hotspur, one of the most exciting and attacking clubs in

the English Premier League.

About Fun88

Daniel Levy, Chairman, Tottenham Hotspur, said: “We are delighted that

Fun88 will become an Official Club Partner. This is the first time the

Club has signed a regional partnership in Asia and is largely down to

the significant increase we have seen in the growth of our international

fan base over the past few years.

-ENDS-

. Fun88 Sportsbook: www.fun88.com/Sportsbook

Fun88 Casino: www.fun88.com/Casino

-ENDS-

Notes to Editors:

LONDON–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Tottenham Hotspur Football Club today announced that Fun88, a leading

Asian gaming company, will become the Club’s Official Asian Betting and

Gaming Partner.

“Over 60% of our global fan base comes from Asia and together with the

Club’s reach through the Barclays Premier League broadcast platform, we

are ideally placed to support Fun88′s continued growth in the Asian

marketplace.”

Fun88 Promotions: www.fun88.com/Promo

“We are looking forward to working with Club to launch a new bespoke

betting microsite https://www.fun88no1.com

Understanding the Basic Rules to Play Backgammon

There are many online casinos that offer this game online too. A player suffers a regular loss when he is able to bear off some checkers before losing. A winner does not gain points, but a loser loses points. When a player’s checker lands on an open point, then an opponent’s checker, if one is present, is blotted and moved to the bar, which is the part of the board that divides it in half. This will increase the player’s chances of handing out his opponent the loss of a gammon or a backgammon. The first player to bear off all his checkers is the winner. This has led to many people appealing for it to be treated under stringent gambling laws..

Lost Turn

A player will lose his turn if he fails to get his blotted checker; that is, the checker on the bar, back in m88a game. A blot can return in play only on an open point, failing which the player loses the turn. The points that the player going first is determined by value of both the dice that were rolled. One half of the board serves as the home board for both the teams, while the other half serves as an outer board. If the player was unable to bear off any checkers before losing, then he loses ‘a gammon’, and if a player has one or multiple checkers in the opponent’s home court or on the bar, then, in such a case, the player loses a backgammon.

How to Play Backgammon

Starting off

To start the game, both players will roll a die simultaneously. The position that a blotted checker can assume after being back in the game will depend on the value of a die from the rolled dice. Both players can have the same or separate pair of dice.

The board consists of 24 triangles, known as points. The use of a doubling cube started in the early 1900s.

Backgammon is majorly a gambling game. He played 2 Backgammon games with his wife, daily.

Backgammon is one of the oldest board games around, and can be played between two players. A player can also lose a turn if there are no open points to move his checkers. When a player has his checker blotted, the only move that he is allowed to make is to get his blotted checker back in the game. The values on the faces of a doubling cube are 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, and 64. The origin of game dates back around 5,000 years. When a checker is on the home board, the player has to move the checker by the lower value among the number presented on the dice. 24 points are divided into 4 quadrants, with 6 points each. The player has an option to either move two checkers by the value that is present on each die face, or a single checker to match the dice value. The faces of the doubling cube increase by the factor by two. The player having a higher die value will move his checkers first. The checkers move on points in a counter-clockwise direction in a horse-shoe-shaped path, depending on the value of the rolled dice. This decreases the vulnerability of his own checkers.

The Bar

A point having one or no opponent checker is an open point. The points are numbered from the start of the home board of a player as the 1st point, and the start of the opponent’s home board as the 24th point, in a counter-clockwise direction.

Fun Fact

Winner

A player has to bring all 15 checkers in play to his home board before bearing them off. Players then take alternate turns to roll the dice and move their checkers. In casinos, it is almost as famous as card games like Poker, Baccarat, or Blackjack. It is just a marker, not a die. There are 30 discs or checkers, divided into two colors, 15 of each color. A player can deliberately lose a turn if he/she wishes not to move his checker to an open point.

Charles Darwin was a Backgammon enthusiast. In case of same value, the players roll again. However, on occasion, the wagers are increased to 128 and 256 times as well.

Setup

The order in which checkers are placed are: 2 checkers on the 24th point, 3 checkers on the 8th point, while 5 checkers placed on the 6th and 13th point each. Generally, wagers are not raised beyond two times in a game of Backgammon. A player must also try not to create his own blots. In case doubles are rolled by a player during the game, then the player has the option to move up to 4 checkers by points equal to value of a die.

When setting up wagers, each point is specified with a specific value. The current form of the game was adopted in 17th Century England. If a 1 is rolled, it will be the starting point; if 2 is rolled then the 2nd point, and so on.

Gambling

The doubling cube was introduced to raise the wagers that are gambled for in a Backgammon game. In Backgammon, though strategy matters, the game itself is based more on a matter of chance and luck. The blotted checker returns in the game from the home board. It has been modified in terms of rules and strategies. With the online version now available, the game has become more sought after. Some service providers also provide this game purely for entertainment purposes, without anyone having to wager anything.

Strategy

An important Backgammon strategy is to try to make a hit on the vulnerable blot in an open point

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New Rules For Online Gambling? Video

ทางเข้า m88 All of the ills and all of the sins of gambling are multiplied.

– you know that Americans gamble as much as a trillion dollars every year and now thanks to a big change those numbers are about to — turning your living room into a virtual casino. Starting now. Thick crude eclipse Hollywood’s annual box office home and the online gaming bonanza has already begun in Nevada and DC. Once legal just online poker alone will generate up to twelve billion dollars a year legally for the states within. Now we’ll have to fight that addiction had told Matt Gutman ABC news client.

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“id”:15262773,”title”:”New Rules For Online Gambling?”,”duration”:”1:29″,”description”:”Americans might be placing their bets from the comfort of their home computer. Which gives states the authority to legalize online gambling and — were about to see this explosion. We’re millions of Americans can now roll the dice — up the ante. Of Internet gambling sweep across the nation illegal online poker already six billion dollar a year industry say experts. The comfort of their own home. “,”url”:”/WNT/video/rules-online-gambling-americans-place-bets-at-home-computer-laws-us-15262773″,”section”:”WNT”,”mediaType”:”Default”

New Rules For Online Gambling? Video – ABC News

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Skip to this video now . On line. You — you have to pay for a cab to get to the casino. Hours — An estimated fifteen million Americans are already considered at risk for gambling addiction. At least — bricks and mortar casinos you can see somebody. — this case — office which is part of the problem. Here it’s. Here’s ABC’s back up. At a table for 36 hours you can’t see somebody in their home in their underwear a drink and a soda for 3640. Critics are reeling at the Justice Department’s recent decision. Sin city can come right into your home

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India Vs Sri Lanka 1st T20 Live Streaming, India Vs Sri Lanka 1st T20 Match Live Score

By: Lucy Hanes | Dec 9th 2009 – The First T20 Match between India and Sri Lanka is going to happen on 09, December, 2009 at Vidarbha Cricket Association Ground, Nagpur. Because of their performance they … Indian cricket team is No.1 cricket team in the ICC Test rankings. They reached the top position after defeating Sri Lanka team by an innings and 24 runs

AIDS Patient Zero – InfoBarrel

 

Dating America’s exposure to AIDS is irrelevant: AIDS is a global problem.  And continuing research has led to many more interesting facts about the spread of HIV.

Good investigative work requires dogged determination.  Running an enigma to ground can take years. 

Dr. . . Memory Elvin-Lewis was kind enough to respond to this piece in person.

Both his wife and daughter developed an illness that mimicked his symptoms, and they died in 1977. Kramer was a writer in New York and a part of the gay culture.  He, however, decided that merely watching his friends die quietly wasn’t enough. 

The airline industry developed glamour.  The titillation of a sexy stewardess in uniform, pandering to any business traveler’s ego, was priceless.  These were women without boundaries, women who went anywhere, anytime.  Therefore, they must be promiscuous.  The unspoken possibility of sex with a globe-trotting gal was also alluring.  Married women were aggressively discouraged from working as stewardesses.  The single women, all within a certain preferred range of body type, height, and attractiveness, were wanton women (in the minds of the average male of the day).  Although morbid obesity was not the problem in the 1940s it is today, there were no “big girls” on board.

Finally, in 1968, the boy was admitted to St. Memory Elvin Lewis

Dr. Louis, Missouri) was the earliest confirmed victim of AIDS in North America.

AIDS in the United States was isolated in pockets of contagion until the promiscuity (homosexual or otherwise) of the 1970s gave the disease a clear path of propagation in humans.  IV drug use, on the rise in the 1970s and early 1980s, also provided another avenue of blood-exchange necessary for the virus to thrive. 

In 1976, a Norwegian sailor, designated with the alias “Arvid Noe”, died; his wife and nine-year-old daughter died the next year of the same wasting disease.  In 1961, the 15-year-old Noe had sailed on his first voyage to Africa.  He worked a merchant vessel that plied along Africa’s west coast from mid-1961 to mid-1962; during this voyage he was treated for gonorrhea.  He sailed again to Africa in 1964, with a port of call in Kenya in eastern Africa.  In 1966, Noe started suffering from chronic joint pain and recurrent lung infections.  By 1968, he could no longer pass a physical to sail, so he worked as a long-haul truck driver. 

First denying he was sick, he later willfully and maliciously spread the disease to unsuspecting partners.  After having casual sex in a darkened room once, a male interviewee later reported he had turned on a light in the room where Dugas lay naked on a bed.  This man spotted the lesions (Kaposi’s sarcoma) that were the classic earmarks of “gay cancer” on Dugas’ chest.  When he remarked upon it, Dugas replied sardonically, “It’s gay cancer.  Maybe you’ll get it.”

Certainly, the African-American teenager Robert Rayford (who had never been outside the city of his birth) was not Patient Zero, either – somebody had to give it to him in the first place.

The Greek letter “?” always refers to the end of an event or series, not its beginning.  Dugas was “Patient Zero”, not “Patient ?” – if the intent was to use such a Greek designation, he would have been named “Patient Alpha” (“?” or “?”)  for “the beginning”.  It is known that Dugas from the earliest investigations, based on diagrams the CDC (and others) created interlinking sexual contacts among those diagnosed with or dead from the mystery disease, was referred to from the start as Patient Zero (not Omega or “O”).

In America, the results of further research led to the conclusion that Gaëtan Dugas had not been the true “Patient Zero” after all.

The very first air flight attendants (in the 1920s) were men.  These positions were desirable; the men who did these jobs executed their duties more like up-scale, futuristic train porters and ship stewards than as menials.  As with many professions in that era (especially in service jobs such as telephone operators, bank tellers, et al) the sky porters known as “stewards” were exclusively male.  World War I saw the shift from male to female telephone operators and bank tellers; with a dearth of male workers during World War II, employers turned to the fairer sex to fill their employment needs in the airline industry, too. 

Grethe Rask was a Danish surgeon who had traveled to Zaire in 1972 to lend medical aid for the sick there.  She returned to Denmark in 1976 and became relentlessly ill.  Her symptoms confounded her colleagues.  She died in December 1977.  Several years later in 1984, it was confirmed through testing she was HIV-positive.  During her time in Zaire, it was known she was directly exposed to blood – it is believed this was the source of her infection.

In 1979, before Dugas was infected, a bisexual German concert violinist, Herbert Heinrich, died.  In 1989, after testing of medical samples from his body, it was learned he was HIV-positive. 

AIDS is what defined the decade of the 1980s, a decade that lived in fear beneath the penumbra of a certain and tortuous death from a highly communicable pathogen. Louis City Hospital, then transferred to Barnes Hospital (now Barnes-Jewish Hospital) in St. many cases of AIDS have been autopsied that we didn’t even know had AIDS.”

Update note:Dr. Memory Elvin-Lewis, thank you so much for not only your contributions to science but to my humble efforts at disseminating it for general readership.  I truly appreciate it.

The direct lineage of HIV-1 was traced to two groups of mutations that formed in the primates that carried the simian version.  One of the groups was dated to between 1847 and 1907; another subgroup dated to between 1606 and 1871.  HIV-2 made the leap most likely between the date range of 1856 and 1922.  Thus, it can be seen some prototypical version of the AIDS virus can be dated to the early 17th century.

In the end one can see there is no modern-day “Patient Zero”.. It was so unusual at the time . . Louis. 

Gay men realized the danger.  Many made the intuitive leap early that perhaps certain activities, such as anal intercourse, might be transmitting the causative agent.  Others flatly refused to believe that their lifestyles might be endangering the health of themselves and of others.  They felt it was a perceived backlash against gay men.  Higher-profile gay men (many closeted during their lifetimes) and activists within the gay community began dying as well as underground sub-culture members (the “Crisco, leather, and fisting” set).

Concern for dying gay men was not paramount on America’s mind.  As more cases of the mysterious killer emerged, the name was changed from “gay cancer” to “gay-related immune deficiency” (GRID).  This, at least, was an open recognition that whatever was causing the disease was compromising a body’s immune system.  It didn’t explain, however, the rather esoteric choice of gay men (and soon discovered, IV drug users) by an unintelligent, non-sentient pathogen as victims.  It wasn’t until the first heterosexual cases of “gay cancer” emerged that the disease was examined more closely.

Of a most enlightening nature was Rayford’s adamant refusal of any rectal exams.  It seemed that he may have been exposed to homosexual activity (assuming the submissive role in anal intercourse).  One of his attending physicians believed that he had been a victim of sexual abuse (a very likely scenario considering Rayford’s socio-economic background).  He could also have been “pimped out” against his will by someone who procured males to engage with him.  To date, this aspect of his life is unclear.

The term “velvet rope” came into existence then – a red velvet rope (as one might see in a museum keeping patrons at a safe distance from a particularly priceless exhibit) became the literal and symbolic barrier between the plebes on the street and the hipsters within.  Each night crowds gathered outside Studio 54′s doors; admission was granted whimsically by a group of door men and many times by Steve Rubell himself. 

The hedonism of the 1970s raged unchecked, and by the middle of the decade “gay” culture became pop culture.  Gay male partiers in the mid 1970s found an outlet on New York’s Fire Island.  Gay men rented time-share space in houses on the island and partied their summers away “in season”. 

Running Dugas to ground, however, was pointless.  At the time, there were no criminal laws penalizing the willful spread of a known fatal disease (since then, law changes allow charges of attempted and pre-meditated murder to be brought in many states against anyone who is HIV-positive purposefully engaging in unprotected sexual intercourse with an unwitting partner).

Thus, by the late 1940s male flight attendants were not only undesirable, they were suspect as well.  Occupying a job with women that devoted itself to customer service, good manners, and fine grooming, the stewards garnered suspicions of being “queer”.

He had a chlamydia infection (a bacterial venereal disease), clearly indicating he was sexually active.  His doctors also uncovered evidence of the herpes simplex virus and the virus responsible for Epstein-Barr.  Robert Rayford was not terribly forthcoming with his doctors, partly due to his retardation leaving him mostly uncommunicative, but also because he was embarrassed by something.

Ground Zero

A strange disease lurked among the gay denizens and creepers of the bath houses, though.  Men began dying of pneumonia and other respiratory illnesses, but only after drastically losing weight and developing horrific skin lesions on their faces, necks, backs, and chests.  This disease became known in the gay community as “gay cancer”.  It was particularly volatile, and it progressed rapidly.  Dugas caught it early, possibly with his first encounter in the New York gay bathhouse on Halloween 1980.

He wrote myriad articles on the subject and penned a stage play, “A Normal Heart”, that did well.  In May 2014, this stage play was brought to the small screen.  It was presented as a movie on HBO starring Jim Parsons (of “Big Bang Theory” TV fame).  The story documented the earliest days of the AIDS epidemic in America told from the perspective of the New York City/Fire Island cohort.  It is engaging: it is what TV can do (but usually fails to do except in rare cases like this one).

The disease it spawned was rechristened, in light of its indiscriminate virology, to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS.  That same year that 248 cases of the disease were reported, local health departments in conjunction with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta began investigating.

Of the 248 cases known before the detection of the virus, interviewing led to the shocking revelation that at least 40 AIDS victims had one thing in common: all had either had sex with a certain male, blond, gregarious Air Canada flight attendant, or they had sex with someone who did.  This networking connection was made in 1984, and it was critical – it meant medical and public health officials investigating the source of AIDS might have finally gotten the breakthrough they needed. 

Gaëtan Dugas fit right in with the gay community of the bath houses.  He was blond, voluble, and open.  Sex for him was a series of anonymous engagements, many times conducted hastily in bathroom stalls.  He took on whatever he felt like.  As well as many other men, he was developing what would become known as “The Clone Look”: close-cropped hair, largish but well-groomed mustache, muscle shirts, short shorts.  [The quintessential version of "The Clone Look" would be Freddie Mercury (rock band Queen's lead vocalist who died of AIDS) after about 1981.] 

And the real Patient Zero – the HIV-Adam or HIV-Eve – lived and most likely died there, somewhere in the Congo, unknown and unrecognized for the catastrophic role he or she would play in human history. 

By April of 1982, 248 cases of the disease were reported nationwide with many others too afraid or indifferent to see a doctor.  A virus was isolated in 1983 by French scientists (as Europeans were also recognizing and treating patients with “gay cancer”, many of whom were decidedly not gay). 

Dugas, meanwhile, knew he was sick.  He didn’t know exactly what was wrong, but he had developed the skin lesions, associated with “gay cancer”.  But one can’t spread cancer, of course, because cancer isn’t contagious.  He indiscriminately continued having sex with men as his whims overtook him.  His “advantage” was his mobility – as a flight attendant, he might be in any part of the US, Canada, or the world on a moment’s notice.  His bitterness about having gay cancer crossed over into his lackadaisical attitude about possibly harming others.

Anal scarring also indicated repeated sexual penetration.

Homophobia was so great by the late 1950s almost no airlines in the United States would hire men as flight attendants – even Eastern and Pan Am stopped hiring stewards.  Stewardesses, however, were very desirable.  They were marketed as young, beautiful, and sexually available–this was hardly an acceptable career choice for any he-man.  In the same way that the sexual orientation of male nurses was suspect, only “pansies” wanted to be stewards.

This doctor handled, and talked with (though reported as largely uncommunicative), Robert Rayford personally for a period during Rayford’s confinement, and also attended Rayford’s autopsy, confirming the KS diagnosis and noting the preservation of tissue samples that later were shown to carry the variant of the HIV-1 virus.

Omega Man

In conjunction with Studio 54, other bars for gay men to frequent thrived.  Another meeting place was the bath houses still found in many larger cities.  Once serving the utilitarian function for neighborhood residents to bathe (considering most homes up until the late 1920s did not have indoor plumbing) these quaint reminders of The Good Old Days were social gathering places for gay men.  They were prevalent in New York City and in San Francisco.  [Bette Midler, a great favorite among gay men, got her start singing in gay bath houses; her piano player in those days was songwriter/musician Barry Manilow).

Dugas remained unrepentant.  He originally denied that whatever disease it was he had could be transmitted sexually.  His own words on the subject: “Of course I’m going to have sex.  Nobody’s proven to me that you can spread cancer.”  His depraved indifference to his sexual partners’ well-being was summarized with “It’s their duty to protect themselves.  They know what’s going on out there.  They’ve heard about this disease.”  The last element of his bitterness was voiced by his wish to take others with him: “I’ve got gay cancer.  I’m going to die and so are you.” 

His first months in the hospital were spent with his doctors cutting back on his water and salt intake, and they wrapped and raised his legs, all to cut down on his tissue’s swelling.  Despite this, the inflammation moved up his body and into his lungs.  Antibiotics were tried in varying dosages, but Rayford’s condition continued to deteriorate. 

***

Less Than Zero

Molecular research shows the AIDS epidemic of the 1980s stemmed from a viral strain that had entered the US via Haiti about 1966.  Other strains have been isolated as well.  As in cases like Robert Rayford’s, the disease died with him (though he probably infected others, those people likely did not have access to the sheer number of sexual partners that, for example, Gaëtan Dugas had, and died before spreading it much). 

The End of Days was seemingly at hand.

On October 31, 1980 – ominously enough, Halloween night – the French-Canadian gay male steward Gaëtan Dugas visited a gay bathhouse for the first time on a layover in New York City.

Years later, once medical science, and particularly genetics testing, had reached a greater level of technological advance, a revision of the “Patient Zero” findings of 1984 seemed necessary.  What was learned by later research was both fascinating and horrific simultaneously.  It turned out, HIV had not only been in the world for over a century, but it had been in the United States as early as 1966. 

Gaëtan Dugas was a French-Canadian born February 20, 1953.  His life was on a collision course with history.  In 1972, Dugas first became sexually active.  [He would later claim he had over 2,500 sexual partners in his lifetime, whether all male is unknown.  He may have been bisexual.] 

For one gay man, however, being a steward was all he’d needed to satisfy both his wanderlust and his physical lust. 

Air Canada

Dugas may have personally, and directly, been responsible for dozens of AIDS cases (and no telling how many more indirectly), but he did not bring AIDS to the US, nor was he the first confirmed AIDS victim.  As noted, several California men and some Haitian immigrants were found later to have succumbed to the disease before Dugas.

This good person also kindly corrected some of the misinformation about Rayford via a personal e-mail and was also kind enough to forward professional papers on the subject.  One such paper, in Lymphology from 1973, gives, perhaps, the best clinical synopsis of the case.  Another article, entitled Documentation of an AIDS Virus Infection in the United States in 1968 (by the same doctor and others), is also a “must read” for anyone interested in the earlier origins of AIDS in America. 

“I’m Candy – Fly Me!”

This makes little sense. 

He was admitted with multiple, and strange, symptoms (given his tender age). Louis, Missouri.  His mother’s name was Constance Rayford, and he had a brother named George.  Rayford was described as slender.  His retardation left him relatively uncommunicative from shyness. 

From a front-line perspective

The dubious distinction of being America’s “Patient Zero” – the first documented and verifiable case of AIDS in the country – belongs not to Dugas but to a mildly mentally retarded black teenager named Robert Rayford (born ca.   The swelling in his legs was bothersome, his genitals and legs were covered in scrofulous skin, and his testicles were severely swollen.  He was also emaciated (having lost much weight suddenly), and even though he was an African-American male he was considered “pale”.  He also had shortness of breath.  His symptoms led his caregivers at Barnes Hospital to conclude that one of his problems was lymphedema (a swelling caused by lymphatic problems).  This was only a tiny part of his health issues, however.

The discrimination in the labor market meant the United States Supreme Court had to step in and force airlines to hire male flight attendants.  This happened in 1971 after nearly 20 years of female-dominated service.  Even then, the Court’s decision forcing US airlines to hire men was greeted with derision in the press.  It also raised homophobic fears of placing men in such a servile and sexualized role. It existed as “slim disease”; the condition was universally ignored though many Africans died after mysteriously wasting away.  In 1959, about the time the Manhattan Jamaican shipping clerk died of his rare pneumonia, a blood sample from a Congolese man was taken and preserved.  Years later, this proved to be HIV-infected.  This Congolese man’s fate is unknown (whether he developed full-blown AIDS and died from it or not).  Similarly, a preserved lymph-node biopsy specimen taken from a Congolese woman in 1960 later proved to be HIV-positive.

There is an interesting correlation between homosexuality and the airline industry.  At least, there is a publicly perceived correlation as it pertains to airline flight attendants.

Rayford lived in a brownstone in a poor neighborhood in St. . 1952-1953).

AIDS now had a face.

Noe’s condition stabilized, but then flared up again in 1975 (coincidentally the same year a strange disorder called “slim disease” was reported in Africa for the first time, the beginnings of epidemic AIDS).  In addition to the respiratory condition and joint pains he developed motor skill problems and dementia before he died. 

There is an apocryphal story that Patient Zero was really Patient “O” (as in the 15th letter of the English alphabet, first letter of the word “Omega” for the last letter of the Greek alphabet, ?).  Furthermore, it was alleged that a journalist misinterpreted the “O” (for “?”), and instead wrote up his report, referring to the AIDS’ source as “Patient 0″ ["zero"] instead.

Meanwhile, as a symbolic sign of the coming Armageddon, Studio 54 was forced to close its doors for liquor license violations and tax evasion; entrepreneurs Steve Rubell and his business partner were sentenced to short terms of imprisonment.  [Rubell later died of AIDS.]

Gateway to the West

But, it doesn’t end there. 

The music scene was fueled by this gay celebration, none more blatantly than by a vocal group of disco hustlers calling themselves “The Village People”.  They dressed in favorite and stereotypical gay icon costumes – a policeman, a construction worker, a cowboy, a gay biker, and a Native American.  They were hugely successful for a short time with big sellers “In the Navy” and “YMCA”.  More subtly, Donna Summer performed her brand of dance music that was embraced by the gay community as was she.

Occasionally, medical mysteries initially thought solved are found later to have very different truths at their cores.

The commercial airlines recognized the goldmine presented by hiring female “stewardesses”.  Certainly, they were paid less.  There was also marketability in women that men did not have – women could be hawked by an airline as possible sex partners for the discriminating male traveler choosing its service over another.

Gaëtan Dugas died in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, on March 30, 1984, at the age of 31.  His cause of death was kidney-failure brought on by his weakened condition from an onslaught of infections and ailments from AIDS.

In his wake, one of the unfortunate legacies he left was a renewed homophobia relative to male flight attendants.  They became a lightning rod for America’s fear and anger over AIDS and its links with homosexuality.  “Patient Zero”, Gaëtan Dugas, was reviled; in death he was even accused of bringing HIV to North America and spreading it around the country.

Author’s note

Larry Kramer was actively and aggressively involved with what was then known as “gay cancer” in the early 1980s when the disease first made its poisonous presence visibly known in the United States as “gay cancer”. 

The Road to Zero

The teen seemed stabilized by late 1968 (when he was around 15 years old).  He had been transferred to Deaconess Hospital by then, and in March 1969, however, all of his symptoms reappeared and rapidly worsened.  His breathing labored; his white blood cell count (as part of routine blood work) was noted to have dropped dramatically.  The only thing concurred at the time was that Rayford’s immune system had been somehow compromised.  He developed a fever and died either in the late hours of May 15, 1969, or the early hours of May 16 (sources differ).  His primary physician recalled, “Eventually his entire body constituted almost one wave of hard lumps and watery swellings.”

He started out as a hairdresser.  Wanting to travel, this French-speaking Canadian learned that flight attendants for Air Canada had to be bi-lingual.  He moved to Vancouver and learned English to qualify for the job.  He found work as a flight attendant on Air Canada.  This career choice allowed him the freedom to move around the world, visiting exotic locales, and meeting many strange men for anonymous sexual encounters.  In 1977, he was legally married in Los Angeles, California, in an illegal attempt to gain United States citizenship.

Gay and straight partiers alike finally found their Valhalla, however, in New York City in a crummy little club in the 1970s called Studio 54.  This rat hole was converted into a hot spot known all over the world.  Celebrities fell all over themselves to get in and be seen there.  Its allure was its faux air of exclusivity.  No club before or since carried the cachet of Studio 54.  Co-founded and owned by a cabaret-style, (almost a caricature) flamboyantly gay man, Steve Rubell, and a straight-laced heterosexual lawyer, this kitschy club defined hipsters in the Seventies. 

Instead, about the only thing that can be said of HIV is that its “Ground Zero” location was almost certainly Central Africa.  

The criteria for entry were pure sadism: one night only women might be allowed in; other times, a sloppily dressed man might be sent away while another, looking exactly like that man but “famous”, would be let in.  Gay-themed parties were held there often, and casual sex in the bathrooms and the “exclusive” privacy lounge was common among attendees.

Certainly it was not Gaëtan Dugas (though, like Typhoid Mary over half a century before him, many deaths could be placed squarely on his doorstep). 

Without a precise diagnosis, Rayford’s cause of death was attributed to the catch-all vagary “loss of vitality”.  Intractable fluid imbalance and lung disease were listed as contributors.  An autopsy revealed a surprise – his body carried a very rare cancer called Kaposi’s sarcoma internally (though he had but one external lesion on his right thigh).  [Today, this cancer and its lesions are bellwethers of AIDS.] 

As early as his 13th year or sooner, he was sexually active.  Beginning in 1966, he started having some physical problems that seemed chronic.  His legs swelled, and he developed sores on his genitals and body. 

By the 1950s, this homophobia was rampant, and in the conservative times of Eisenhower and McCarthyism, men were slowly pushed out of the steward jobs.

Because of the baffling nature of his case, doctors preserved several tissue and blood samples for later evaluation.  In 1987, eighteen years after his death, molecular biologists at New Orleans’ Tulane University tested specimens of Rayford’s preserved blood and tissues.  Their findings were stunning: a virus “closely related or identical to” HIV-1 was detected.  Further confirmation testing in 1989  proved Robert Rayford (African-American teenage male of St. Somewhere, there was a Patient Zero, the epidemiological well-spring from which this plague spewed forth.

Current scientific research is clear: sometime in the 1930s, a simian form of immunodeficiency virus mutated sufficiently and made the leap across species to become a contagious disease of people. 

Diverting conversations occurred between Rayford and his primary care givers when questioned about his sexual activities.  His doctors had not considered homosexuality initially, and all conversations, such as they were, seemed to be taken as referring to female sexual contacts.

This virus, after much international wrangling for recognition of discovery (with a particularly aggressive and bombastic US virologist lobbying for a claim that he had found it first–he did not) was later named Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV. 

One such mystery concerned the AIDS epidemic in America.  As long as the killer remained comfortably within the gay community not much was done to investigate.  As soon as AIDS found its way into the heterosexual population, though, suddenly America’s interest in ferreting out the cause was paramount.  Panic stricken virologists and other epidemiologists worked feverishly to isolate the source of this sexually transmitted disease first endemic among homosexual men. 

As further incentive to not hire men as flight attendants, the death of a gay steward in 1954 became a scandal sufficiently great to lead to a rash of “fag bashings” (both gay men and lesbians were targeted) in Miami, Florida.  It was one of the nation’s worst anti-gay outbreaks in history. 

The music was disco, the dance beat adapted from gay men and their party scene.  The mock S&M dance moves, the sweaty bodies, the throb of the music, the drugs consumed, and the fact that not just anyone could get in heightened its allure.

Gaëtan Dugas, the narcissistic and embittered flight attendant, alternately feeling morose and spiteful about his condition, was given the code name “Patient Zero”, the source of the AIDS epidemic in North America. 

Before Robert Rayford in the US, there was a possible case found in a dead Jamaican native named Ardouin Antonio.  He came to the US in 1927.  He was working as a shipping clerk for a clothier when he died at age 49 on June 28, 1959, in Manhattan.  He had developed a very rare kind of pneumonia, seemingly out of the blue.  Decades later the doctor who had performed Antonio’s autopsy was asked to re-evaluate the case.  Did he think Antonio possibly died of AIDS?  “You bet . Doctors, helpless to find the cause of death for the Noe family, preserved some tissue samples.  In 1988, further testing showed Noe, his wife, and his daughter had all been HIV-positive

A year earlier, a Portuguese man known only as Senhor José died under mysterious circumstances.  He was treated at the London Hospital for Tropical Diseases to no effect.  In later years, examination of preserved tissues verified he died of AIDS; the causative virus, HIV-2 was present, making him the first known confirmed victim.  Genetic research on the virus indicated he probably contracted the disease in 1966 in Guinea-Bissau (on the northwest coast of Africa).  Three gay men in California and six Haitian immigrants to the United States were later confirmed as AIDS victims from that same year.

Almost any medical professional worth his or her license, whenever a patient dies of a strange ailment, takes the precaution of preserving tissue and blood samples for future research.  It is extremely fortunate that some doctors going all the way back to the late 1950s had been so far-sighted.  Working backward and re-examining suspicious or otherwise unresolved deaths from contagion globally proved enriching in piecing together the history of AIDS. 

Mr.

False Positive

He led doctors to believe any of his sexual activities were strictly heterosexual, even claiming at one point to having a girlfriend (who failed to surface at the time).  [This female was found some time later and was found to be in perfect health, relative to HIV and AIDS, from which one can only surmise she and Rayford had no intimate sexual intercourse or such activities were rare enough she was not exposed to critical levels by whatever ailed him.]

Tracing backward from Haiti (the source of the US strain in 1966) put the disease firmly in Central Africa

Top 5 Las Vegas casinos and most winning slots games part 1

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Las Vegas offers entertainment, shopping, fine dining, and sightseeing attractions. But, the true allure of Las Vegas, is gaming. Winning a fortune on a one-dollar slot machine is a pretty awesome notion, however slim the odds.

Wheel of Fortune $1.00 $1,224,958.16 5/1/2012 Rio All-Suite Hotel & Casino

Wheel of Fortune $1.00 $1,216,081.79 4/5/2012 The Venetian

Wheel of Fortune $1.00 $1,350,270.42 3/12/2012 Tropicana Laughlin

Wheel of Fortune $0.25 $361,025.76 3/12/2012 Bill’s Gamblin’ Hall & Saloon

Wheel of Fortune $0.25 $489,456.12 2/12/2012 Sam’s Town Hotel & Gambling Hall

If you love playing the slot machines, here are some winning results to remind you that hitting the big one can, and does happen. Even the accommodations in Las Vegas are overly opulent. In Las Vegas, it’s go big or go home! The top five Las Vegas hotel casinos featured in the attached slideshow, lead the way in sophistication, style and excitement.

Top 5 Las Vegas casinos and most winning slots games

Zambio

Megabucks $1 $17.3 million 12/17/2012 M Resort

Wheel of Fortune $0.25 $273,884.78 10/27/2012 McCarran International Airport

Wheel of Fortune $1.00 $1,926,336.42 10/20/2012 Harrah’s

Wheel of Fortune $0.25 $795,551.20 10/20/2012 California

Wheel of Fortune $0.25 $225,081.10 8/4/2012 LVH – Las Vegas Hotel & Casino

You can work hard all of your life to amass a fortune. The “Wheel of Fortune” slots may be the hottest slot machines in Vegas, followed by “Money Madness.” Game-on!

In Las Vegas, the lights are brighter, the colors are bolder and the bets are bigger.

Wheel of Fortune $0.25 $931,740.44 8/1/2012 Mandalay Bay

Wheel of Fortune $1.00 $1,112,650 7/4/2012 Wynn Las Vegas

Wheel of Fortune $1.00 $1,064,121.24 6/21/2012 Hard Rock Hotel & Casino

Money Madness $2,256,246.45 5/28/2012 The Orleans

Wheel of Fortune $0.25 $412,640.33 5/26/2012 Caesars Palace

The list of winning slots games, prize winnings, dates and winning casinos. www.vegas.com/gaming/jackpots/

Money Madness $710,196 1/27/2013 MGM Grand

Money Madness $602,950 1/4/2013 The Palazzo

Wheel of Fortune $1,264,173 1/4/2013 Flamingo

Money Madness $2,832,045 12/29/2012 Caesars Palace

Wheel of Fortune $249,703 12/21/2012 South Point

This city of excess, is truly one of a kind.

Check out Vegas.com for up to the minute jackpot totals and list of jackpot hits and locations.

Checkout the slideshow pictures to see the “Top 5 Casinos.” (Travel Adviser)

On your next visit to Las Vegas, you may want to checkout some of these hot slot games which really seem to be the ones to play, because of the winning history. The excitement of the casino floor, and the hopefulness of the divine possibility of striking it rich

Horse Betting Racing Methods

The most effective horse betting system isn’t the one that promise large revenue instantly but instead the ones that acknowledge the dangerous betting organization but nevertheless are in a position for making you fantastic profits.

It truly is also advisable to be a part of and subscribe to pages which specialize in betting. Get as a lot details as you can to the numerous methods from textbooks and world wide web resources. There are several systems that can help out however the decision will be yours. This may help you make assessment in the betting program that you’ve bought. The sellers with the best betting techniques have no trouble supplying you this present as they’re assured that their systems will not fail their clients.

Horse betting racing techniques can receive you a great deal of cash. I create my own but also sell other people’s products. Stay away from those sellers with issues giving refunds wherever the program fails to satisfy the purchaser.

Make your bets wisely. You will find also quite a few cons who market these methods. It truly is very important to exercising discernment when deciding upon horse betting methods.

Be open-minded and rational when deciding on your program. You need to make inquiries from effective punters about the perfect horse betting racing systems. They also can make you eliminate your bet. It will also assist you to evaluate the position within the tracks and make sound judgements in future.

The other thing to complete would be to look for a betting system which has a 100% guarantee of returning your income if it fails. You can find a lot of systems which promise humongous earnings and several punters are already disappointed after shedding their money making use of these systems. I practice different ways of marketing. By doing this you are able to usually obtain the views of specialist punters and the best horse betting racing systems.

Click here to Go Horse Betting Racing System

Exploration about the various techniques obtainable will save you from shedding bets. I really like Badminton and Basketball, I draw when I have time and enjoy my life with my friends and family.

Author’s Bio: . Take a look at the examination given with the betting system and use this instead of your instinct to make clever judgements.

I have been working online for 3 years. These sorts of people today can enable you to make the best judgements.

Owing on the substantial betting challenges, it is advised that the punter employs daily news money to spot the bets during the initial stages

Caribbean Casinos – free article courtesy of ArticleCity.com

Finally, the newest casino in the Bahamas is Our Lucaya Resort, which offers several gambling options.

While visiting the Caribbean travelers will find a number of glitzy casinos and hotels and resorts with on-site gambling. Located on the premises of the Wyndham Nassau Resort on Cable Beach, the Crystal Palace Casino has about 700 slot machines and 38 tables for games such as blackjack, craps, roulette, and baccarat.

Some popular casinos on the island include the Hyatt Regency Cerromar, Hilton Ponce and Casino, Westin Rio Mar Resort Casino, Ritz Carlton San Juan, which is the first Ritz Carlton casino, and many, many more. Along with state-of-the-art slot machines, table games, and other types of gaming fun, Caribbean casinos also offer other nightlife options including dance clubs, discos, and bars. Second, the hours that some casinos are open may vary depending on the season, so find out ahead of time before making your plans. Many of these glamorous gambling establishments are located in the historic city of San Juan, and most require that their patrons dress formally.

Compared to many other popular casino card games, Caribbean stud poker has a pretty short history. The four largest casinos in The Bahamas are the Atlantis Casino on Paradise Island, the Crystal Palace Casino on New Providence Island, and The Crowne Plaza Golf Resort & Royal Oasis Casino and Our Lucaya, both on Grand Bahama Island.

Before heading to the slot machines, there are a few things casino patrons should remember. First, each island has its own laws and rules when it comes to gambling, so be sure to find out the details about the island you visit.

The world-famous Atlantis Casino is the largest casino located in the Caribbean. Croix in the Virgin Islands, and Antigua. So not only can you wage bets during your sunny island vacation, but you will also find many other ways to let your hair down at Caribbean gambling palaces. The combination of sugar-sand beaches and tropical island ambiance with all the glamor and excitement of Las Vegas makes for an ideal vacation destination for many travelers. Casinos in Puerto Rico are some of the most exciting in the Caribbean region because of their extravagant historical décor, hot gaming, as well as their award-winning restaurants, live entertainment, array of bars and lounges, and much more.

Keyword Search

The Caribbean region has a lot of hot gaming spots and casinos. The Atlantis’ expansive 30,000-square-foot area, which includes 78 table games and approximately 1,000 slot machines, has helped earned the Atlantis Casino its reputation as an immaculate gambling palace.

. Vincent and St.

Caribbean Islands Featuring Casinos

Casinos in Puerto Rico

Other islands in the Caribbean that feature dazzling casinos and exciting gambling are the Dominican Republic, Aruba, Curacao, St. By Puerto Rican law, all casinos have to be located on the property of hotels or resorts. The Crowne Plaza Golf Resort & Royal Oasis Casino is a luxurious and exciting casino located within a plush hotel that has great choices of various games, slots, and other gambling opportunities. The Atlantis also features several restaurants, outdoor terraces, and gaming lessons for the novice gambler. But unlike American and European casinos, the gambling atmosphere in the Caribbean is more relaxed, and most of the island casinos are not open 24 hours a day.

Gamers are often drawn to The Bahamas which is popular for great casinos and gambling action. The biggest difference between Caribbean stud poker and traditional poker is that instead of playing against other players, you go against the dealer. Maarten, St. This poker variation started in Aruba in the 1980s, reportedly by some cruise ship directors who were out to make a buck. And finally, no one under the age of 18 is allowed in Caribbean casinos, so schedule other activities for the youngsters before you hit the casinos.

This article was posted on February 13, 2006

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Caribbean Casinos

 by: Danielle Mitchell

Gambling in The Bahamas

The gorgeous island of Puerto Rico is home to about a dozen old-world-style casinos. There are so many choices when it comes to gambling in the Caribbean that you’re sure to find the right island with the perfect casino to fit your style and your ideal vacation. Since it began in Aruba, the popularity of Caribbean stud poker has grown tremendously in the region and is even played in Las Vegas. Although gambling is illegal for residents of The Bahamas, tourists can try their luck at any of the region’s spectacular casinos. During your stay in Puerto Rico, you can enjoy fine dining, exciting nightlife, and spectacular gambling fun all under one roof. All players are allowed to see one of the dealer’s cards, which is dealt face up. Caribbean stud poker is a combination of blackjack and poker – the rules of play are similar between the two games.

Caribbean Stud Poker

The Crystal Palace Casino is another sizzling casino found in The Bahamas

PGA golf betting odds for players to win the 2016 Dean & DeLuca Invitational

He won the Puerto Rico Open for his first career win at the end of March. Zach Johnson – 22 to 1

Matt Kuchar shot -14 under last week to finish alone in 3rd place at the Byron Nelson. Jimmy Walker, Brandt Sendeker, Danny Lee, Jason Dufner – 40 to 1 odds each. Chris Kirk, Charl Schwartzel – 35 to 1 odds each

Jason Bohn – 100 to 1 odds

Jason Dufner has a win in 2016 and he’s finished second in this tournament twice in the past (2012, 2014). Schwartzel won the Valspar Championship in March and he could play well this week.

Kevin Na has one career win in 314 starts. Kevin Chappell – 28 to 1

Jason Bohn only has two career wins and his last win was in 2010 and he’s missed the cut in his last three PGA Tour starts. On top of that, Bohn suffered a heart attack during the Honda Classic back in February. He’s a big threat this week to win.

2. Ben Hogan holds the record for most wins in the tournament with five. Kirk missed the cut in his last start at the Players. Colt Knost, Tony Finau, Marc Leishman, Kevin Kisner, Patton Kizzire – 50 to 1 odds each

Adam Scott finished tied for 12th at the Players two weeks ago in his last start. Here is a list of the betting odds for the PGA golfers to win the 2016 Dean & DeLuca Invitational.

The Dean & DeLcua Invitational dates back to 1946. Don’t be fooled, though, as Kuchar also finished 3rd at the Players but that is not winning. Charley Hoffman – 25 to 1

6. Chappell also finished alone in 2nd place at the RSM Classic and the Arnold Palmer this season so he’s been close to winning but he’s still a maiden on tour.

T-13. Boo Weekley – 80 to 1 odds

Other than a 5th place finish at the Arnold Palmer in March, Zach Johnson has not played well enough to win in 2016. Then a few notable golfers with much higher odds are listed along with comments why.

T-11. After missing the cut in his two previous starts, Jimmy Walker tied for 24th last week. Nuff said. But Jason Bohn did finish tied for 2nd in this tournament last year just one stroke off the lead.

Notables

T-7. Danny Lee has one win on tour and he finished tied for 18th last week. Could he win again this year? Maybe, but who wants to bet on it?

Chris Kirk is the defending champion in this tournament but that was the last of his four PGA Tour wins. Scott won this tournament in 2014 beating Jason Dufner in a playoff. Players like Phil Mickelson, Lee Trevino and Zach Johnson are tied for the second most wins with two each.

5. Adam Scott has two wins in 2016 and 13 total wins on the PGA Tour. Matt Kuchar has not won a PGA Tour event in over two years now and he should be higher odds to win this week.

Boo Weekley won this tournament in 2013. In his last four tournaments he’s failed to crack the top 25 and he finished last week tied for 66th. Jim Furyk has one win on tour since 2010 and he’s making just his third start back after wrist surgery. Louis Oosthuizen’s lone PGA win remains the 2010 British Open and he missed the cut last week.

Bill Haas tied for 43rd place last week. Brandt Snedeker has missed the cut in his last two starts and in three of his last four tournaments but he did tie for 2nd place here last year just one stroke off the lead.

T-17. At age 32, Kevin Kisner has one career win and he missed the cut in his last two starts. Jordan Spieth was in position to win last week at the Byron Nelson playing with Brooks Koepka in the final pairing Sunday just two strokes back but Spieth shot a 74 and ended up tied for 18th place. Zach Johnson does have two wins in this tournament (2010, 2012).

At odds of 6 to 1, Jordan Spieth is the betting favorite this week to win the 2016 Dean & DeLuca Invitational. Toms has 13 career PGA Tour wins including a major but he’s not won a tournament since 2011.

T-19. Matt Kuchar – 14 to 1

4. Kevin Na, Louis Oosthuizen, Patrick Reed, Jim Furyk – 33 to 1 odds each

3. Ryan Palmer missed the cut last week. He has three PGA Tour wins but his last win was in 2010.

Listed below are the betting odds and comments for each player who has odds of 50 to 1 or less to win this week. Chappell is lower odds here because he finished alone in 2nd place at the Players in his last start. Jordan Spieth – 6 to 1

The 2016 Dean & DeLuca golf tournament on the PGA Tour is taking place this week from May 26-29, 2016, at the Colonial Country Club located in Fort Worth, Texas. Patton Kizzire is 30 and still looking for his first PGA Tour win.

1. Bill Haas, Ryan Palmer – 45 to 1 odds each

Colt Knost is 30 and he’s yet to win on tour but he tied for 3rd at the Players and was 4th last week in his last two starts. Tony Finau tied for 12th last week. That was the last of his three PGA Tour wins.

Good luck to all the PGA golfers and especially the bettors this week at the 2016 Dean & DeLuca Invitational at Colonial in Fort Worth, Texas!

David Toms won this tournament in 2011. Charl Schwartzel tied for 58th place last week but that was his first tournament since he missed the cut at the Masters. While the meltdown is not a good sign, Jordan Spieth did miss the cut the week before at the Players in his first start since the Masters so he is rounding into form and he did tie for 2nd place in this tournament last year.

Since winning the Texas Open for his 4th PGA Tour win on April 21st, Charley Hoffman finished 11th at the Zurich Classic, missed the cut at the Players and finished tied for 12th last week at the Byron Nelson. Marc Leishman has one career win in 188 starts. Patrick Reed has finished alone in 2nd place three times this season but has not won a tournament since January of 2015. Adam Scott – 11 to 1

At age 29, Kevin Chappell is still looking for his first PGA Tour win. Haas has six PGA Tour wins and he was second at the Valspar in March so he’s a mild threat to win this week. He’s a mild threat here to get his 6th PGA win here

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Sports :: How to Make Money Betting on Horse Racing

Make money betting on horse racing by learning how to handicap the horses properly by reading the articles on this site. By handicapping the horses and race conditions and studying the various mathematical models, you may make money betting on horse racing.

Finally, use online resources, such as TwinSpires, to make bets online and receive free tips on handicapping

. In addition, I suggest that you concentrate on only one or two race tracks every horse betting season. In addition, track the performance of each horse and knowing whether the performance of the horse is improving with maturity or declining with age. I spend my time knowing the Southern California race tracks

In addition, I suggest that you review all race results on a regular basis by studying copies of the “Daily Racing Form.” This newspaper can be instrumental in teaching you how to handicap properly and win more money. I use “How to ‘Place Bet’ on Favorites for a Living” by Mohammed Ali. In addition, many of these blogs feature online-discussion forums on which you can swap information about effective betting methods and systems.

While there is no guarantee that anyone will win consistently by betting on horse races, recent developments in computer software and handicapping methods have reduced the amount of financial risk. You will find that most horse racing blogs are moderated and maintained by experts who have developed reliable handicapping systems and are more than willing to share secrets with subscribers. You will find the “Daily Racing Form” available at most newsstands, at horse racing venues and by direct-mail subscription as well as online downloads.

You might also read online blogs about horse racing in order to make money by betting on horse racing. You will also need to know how each horse performs in a variety of weather and track conditions and whether there is a synergy between the horse and a particular jockey. In addition, I suggest using a system that has been proven. I do not use a computer software to make money on betting on horse racing

The Basics Of Casino Gambling

All these gambling casinos generate a turnover of $3 billion for year.

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For tips on how to play casino games, visit our website. Players should evaluate the game and inquire about the probability of winning it.

If a player has an intention to play in an online casino, compulsorily he should have a bank roll. Statutes also state that it is inappropriate to use a gambling ship for the transfer of goods or people from one place to another. Gambling is not a simple task, it needs patience and at the same time innovative moves. Today there are around 1400 websites offering varieties of gambling games. The Worlds first online casino: Internet Casinos Inc (ICI) started its operation in the year 1995. It is known that online gambling sites cannot accept any kind of encrypted credit card data that can be used for making payments. This online casino started its services with 18 games from 18th august 1995. It is really difficult to predict how online gambling malfunctioning can come under the proper control of the law and order and that’s why one needs to know the basics of casino gambling in order to be on the right track.

The emergence of these technologies was accompanied by a sense of uncertainty at the time of using them, especially for private communications. On the other hand, although gambling has been disciplined by state laws, some lobbies in the government exist in favor of gambling. This bank roll allows him to place bets on the games being played. For example: Which is the better option among these two? Playing a slot machine which has million dollar pay out or playing a blackjack which has less price money? Definitely, if they both have same price we will prefer a slot machine. Gambling is not illegal; players can go to online casinos and play these games. The first thing you understand in casino gambling is Bets valuation. According to a recent survey conducted there are around 14.5 million gamblers around the globe.

They should select games offering great bonus points. Gambling laws are aimed to address this issue and provide assurance about the sense of security and privacy among the public. Any such business affecting the inter-state business and commerce, and failing to abide by t state rules for running a business will also come under the jurisdiction of gambling laws. Second important point a gambler should have is patience. If you people wish to make more money online, then here are some of the common techniques. Learn how to play poker and casino table games today.

. Players who play games with smart analysis will surely succeed with less time.

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As per the law, major financial institutions are required to design and enforce policies and procedures which will restrict the process of illegal funding to the online gambling operators